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T+1: A New Era for the Jamaica Stock Exchange




Last week marked a significant milestone in the history of the Jamaica Stock Exchange (JSE) as it transitions to a T+1 settlement cycle, where trades will settle within one business day of execution. This change, the first of its kind in a century, aligns the JSE with modern global financial markets, aiming to enhance efficiency and reduce systemic risk.

The move to T+1 holds substantial implications for local trading, promising both opportunities and challenges for companies and investors.

Local Implications of T+1 Settlement

Enhanced Market Efficiency

The shift to T+1 is designed to improve the speed and efficiency of the trading process. By reducing the settlement period from the previous T+3 cycle, the time between the trade execution and the finalization of ownership transfer or payment is shortened. This accelerates the availability of capital, enabling investors to reallocate their funds more quickly and react promptly to market developments.

Reduced Counterparty Risk

A shorter settlement cycle reduces the counterparty risk, the risk that one party in a transaction may default before the settlement is completed. This change is particularly beneficial in volatile markets, as it limits the exposure time for both buyers and sellers. For the JSE, this means a more robust and resilient market infrastructure, capable of withstanding economic fluctuations and fostering investor confidence.

Operational Adjustments

However, the transition to T+1 requires significant adjustments in operational processes for brokers, clearinghouses, and financial institutions. Systems and procedures must be updated to handle the accelerated timeline, ensuring that trade confirmations, funding, and securities transfers are completed within the shortened period. This necessitates investment in technology and staff training, which may pose initial challenges but ultimately lead to more streamlined operations.

Benefits for Companies and Investors

For Companies:

Improved Liquidity: With faster settlement times, companies can benefit from improved liquidity as funds from share sales are made available more quickly. This can enhance their ability to reinvest in business operations, pay down debt, or return capital to shareholders.

Greater Market Confidence: The move to T+1 may attract more investors, both domestic and international, to the JSE due to increased market efficiency and reduced risk. Higher investor participation can lead to better price discovery and potentially higher stock valuations.

For Investors:

Quick Access to Funds: Investors can access the proceeds from the sale of securities more rapidly, allowing for quicker reinvestment opportunities. This flexibility can be particularly advantageous in a dynamic market environment.

Enhanced Risk Management: The reduction in counterparty risk provides a safer trading environment, which is especially important for institutional investors managing large portfolios.

International Developments and Their Influence

The global shift towards shorter settlement cycles is not unique to Jamaica. Major financial markets, including those in the United States and Europe, are also transitioning to T+1 or even considering T+0 (same-day settlement). This international trend underscores the importance of keeping pace with global standards to remain competitive.

For instance, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has been advocating for a T+1 settlement cycle, with plans to implement this change by 2024. The rationale behind this move is to enhance market resilience, especially in times of crisis, as seen during the COVID-19 pandemic when market volatility highlighted the vulnerabilities of longer settlement periods.

The Jamaica Stock Exchange’s adoption of T+1 settlement is a forward-thinking initiative that aligns with global financial market trends. While the transition may present initial challenges, the long-term benefits of increased efficiency, reduced risk, and enhanced market confidence are substantial. For companies, the new regime promises improved liquidity and potentially higher valuations, while investors stand to gain from quicker access to funds and a safer trading environment.

As the JSE navigates this significant change, the collaborative efforts of regulators, market participants, and technology providers will be crucial in ensuring a smooth transition. By embracing the T+1 settlement cycle, Jamaica is poised to strengthen its position in the global financial landscape, offering a more dynamic and resilient marketplace for all stakeholders.

Business Insights

Consolidating Marketing Efforts into a Social-First Framework: A Data-Driven Approach



In the rapidly evolving digital landscape, consolidating marketing efforts into a social-first framework has become essential for brands seeking to maximize the effectiveness of their marketing channels, content strategies, and influencer collaborations. This comprehensive approach leverages the power of social media to create a cohesive and data-driven marketing strategy that enhances engagement, reach, and ROI.

Understanding the Social-First Framework
A social-first framework prioritizes social media as the primary channel for marketing activities. This approach ensures that all marketing efforts are integrated and optimized for social media platforms, where consumers increasingly spend their time. By consolidating efforts into a social-first strategy, brands can streamline their marketing processes and make more informed decisions based on real-time data and consumer insights.

Benefits of a Social-First Framework

Unified Marketing Channels:
Consolidating marketing efforts into a social-first framework allows brands to create a unified strategy across multiple channels. This ensures consistency in messaging and branding, leading to a stronger and more cohesive brand presence.

Example: Coca-Cola effectively uses a social-first approach by maintaining consistent branding and messaging across all social media platforms, which reinforces their brand identity and enhances consumer recognition​​.

Enhanced Content Strategies:
A social-first framework enables brands to develop content strategies that are tailored to the preferences and behaviors of their social media audiences. By analyzing social media data, brands can create content that resonates more deeply with their target audience.

Example: Starbucks uses social media analytics to understand what types of content their audience engages with the most. This data-driven approach allows them to create highly relevant and engaging content, from seasonal promotions to user-generated content campaigns​.

Optimized Influencer Collaborations:
Integrating influencer marketing into a social-first framework ensures that influencer collaborations are aligned with overall marketing goals and strategies. Social media data can help identify the most effective influencers and measure the impact of their campaigns.

Example: Daniel Wellington’s influencer marketing strategy is deeply integrated into their social-first framework. By leveraging data to identify influencers who resonate with their target audience, they have successfully driven brand awareness and sales​​.

Implementing a Social-First Framework

Centralized Data Collection and Analysis:
To implement a social-first framework, brands need to centralize their data collection and analysis. This involves using tools that aggregate data from various social media platforms, providing a comprehensive view of consumer behavior and campaign performance.

Example: Sprout Social offers robust analytics tools that help brands gather and analyze social media data, enabling them to make informed decisions and optimize their marketing strategies​​.

Content Creation and Distribution:
Content should be created with a social-first mindset, ensuring that it is optimized for the platforms where it will be shared. This includes creating visually appealing graphics, engaging videos, and interactive posts that are tailored to each platform’s unique features.

Example: GoPro’s social-first content strategy involves creating stunning visual content that showcases their products’ capabilities. By focusing on user-generated content and sharing it on platforms like Instagram and YouTube, GoPro effectively engages their audience and promotes their brand​ (Latest Insights)​.

Leveraging Real-Time Engagement:
Social media allows for real-time interaction with consumers, providing an opportunity to build stronger relationships and address customer needs promptly. Brands should use this capability to engage with their audience, respond to feedback, and foster a sense of community.

Example: Nike’s real-time engagement strategy involves actively responding to customer inquiries and comments on social media. This proactive approach not only improves customer satisfaction but also enhances the brand’s reputation as responsive and customer-focused​.

Consolidating marketing efforts into a social-first framework provides a comprehensive and data-driven approach that maximizes the potential of marketing channels, content strategies, and influencer collaborations. By prioritizing social media, brands can create more cohesive and effective marketing campaigns, engage with their audience in meaningful ways, and drive better business outcomes. Adopting a social-first strategy is essential for brands looking to thrive in the digital age and stay ahead of the competition.

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Business Insights

Humanizing Brands Through Influencer Marketing: A Guide to Resonating with Social-First Audiences



In today’s digital landscape, humanizing a brand is crucial for resonating with social-first audiences. Leveraging influencer marketing effectively can bridge the gap between brands and consumers, fostering authentic connections and enhancing brand loyalty. Here’s how brands can utilize influencer marketing to achieve these goals:

1. Authentic Storytelling
Influencers as Storytellers: Influencers are adept at weaving personal stories into their content, making them ideal partners for brands aiming to humanize their image. By sharing their genuine experiences with a product, influencers can create relatable and engaging narratives that resonate deeply with their followers.

Example: Nike collaborates with influencers who share their fitness journeys, personal challenges, and triumphs. These authentic stories not only promote Nike products but also inspire and connect with audiences on an emotional level​​.

2. Micro-Influencers for Relatability
The Power of Micro-Influencers: Micro-influencers, those with smaller but highly engaged followings, often come across as more relatable and trustworthy. Their recommendations feel like advice from a friend rather than a sales pitch, which can significantly humanize a brand.

Example: Beauty brands like Glossier leverage micro-influencers to showcase everyday use of their products. This strategy has helped Glossier build a community-driven brand image that feels personal and approachable​.

3. Interactive and Engaging Content
Engagement Through Interaction: Influencers can facilitate direct interaction between brands and consumers through Q&A sessions, live streams, and interactive stories. This type of content allows consumers to engage directly with the brand, fostering a sense of community and connection.

Example: Starbucks often collaborates with influencers to host live coffee-making sessions or behind-the-scenes tours of their stores. These interactive sessions allow followers to ask questions and engage in real-time, making the brand more accessible and human​.

4. Highlighting Brand Values and Social Causes
Championing Causes: Influencers who align with a brand’s values and social causes can help highlight these aspects authentically. This not only humanizes the brand but also builds trust and loyalty among consumers who share similar values.

Example: Patagonia partners with environmental influencers to promote its commitment to sustainability. These influencers share stories and content that highlight Patagonia’s environmental efforts, resonating with eco-conscious consumers​​.

5. Behind-the-Scenes Content
Transparency Through BTS: Behind-the-scenes content provided by influencers can offer a glimpse into the brand’s operations, culture, and people. This transparency can humanize the brand by showing the human effort and passion behind the products.

Example: Brands like Ben & Jerry’s use influencers to share behind-the-scenes content of their ice cream-making process, their fair trade practices, and employee stories. This approach helps consumers see the brand as a collection of real people and values, not just a corporate entity​.

6. User-Generated Content and Community Building
Empowering Consumers: Encouraging influencers to create and share user-generated content (UGC) can amplify the voices of everyday consumers, making the brand feel more inclusive and community-driven. UGC campaigns often lead to higher engagement and loyalty.

Example: Coca-Cola’s “Share a Coke” campaign, where influencers and consumers shared personalized Coke bottles, created a massive amount of UGC. This not only promoted the product but also built a sense of community and personal connection around the brand​​.

Influencer marketing offers a dynamic and effective way to humanize brands and resonate with social-first audiences. By leveraging authentic storytelling, engaging content, and aligning with influencers who share their values, brands can foster deeper connections with consumers. This approach not only enhances brand perception but also drives loyalty and long-term engagement.

In a world where consumers crave authenticity and connection, influencer marketing stands out as a powerful tool for humanizing brands and making them more relatable to their audiences.

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Who is Kingsley Cooper, CD, Founder and CEO of Pulse Investments Ltd.?



Early Life and Education
Kingsley Cooper, CD, is a prominent Jamaican entrepreneur, attorney, and the founder and CEO of Pulse Investments Ltd. Born and raised in Kingston, Jamaica, Cooper attended Kingston College, where he excelled academically and athletically. His educational journey continued at the University of the West Indies, where he earned a degree in law, laying the foundation for his dual career in law and business.

Founding Pulse Investments Ltd.
In 1980, Kingsley Cooper co-founded Pulse Investments Ltd. with Hilary Phillips. Starting with a modest capital of $2,000 and operating from his small law office, Cooper envisioned creating a platform that could showcase Caribbean talent on the global stage. This vision quickly materialized into a pioneering company in the fashion, modeling, and entertainment industries in the Caribbean.

Contributions to Fashion and Entertainment
Under Cooper’s leadership, Pulse Investments Ltd. has become a cornerstone of the Caribbean fashion and entertainment landscape. The company has launched several significant initiatives, including the Caribbean Model Search, Caribbean FashionWeek, and various television programs like “Caribbean Fashion Weekly” and “The Search for the Caribbean’s Next Supermodel.” These platforms have been instrumental in discovering and promoting Caribbean talent, including internationally renowned models like Lois Samuels, Nadine Willis, and Althea Laing​.

Business Acumen and Expansion
Cooper’s strategic leadership has seen Pulse Investments Ltd. expand beyond its initial focus on modeling and entertainment. The company is listed on the Jamaica Stock Exchange and has diversified into real estate and media. Notable projects include the development of the Villa Ronai lifestyle community, which emphasizes leisure and lifestyle living​ (Pulse World 360)​​ (Home – Jamaica Observer)​. Cooper’s innovative approach has not only sustained the company’s growth but also ensured its resilience through various economic challenges, including the high-interest rates of the 1990s and the recent COVID-19 pandemic​​.

Recognition and Legacy
Kingsley Cooper’s contributions to the Caribbean fashion industry have earned him international recognition. His work has been highlighted by major media outlets like Vogue, the BBC, and Fashion Television. In addition to his role at Pulse, Cooper has been actively involved in national and regional organizations focused on entertainment and creative business development​.

Personal Insights
Outside of his professional achievements, Cooper is deeply committed to his family. He spends considerable time with his daughter, Safia Cooper, who also plays a pivotal role in Pulse Investments Ltd., and his partner, Romae Gordon. His personal philosophy centers on perseverance, innovation, and maintaining a clear vision, which have been crucial to his enduring success..

Kingsley Cooper, CD, stands as a testament to the power of vision and determination. Through Pulse Investments Ltd., he has significantly impacted the Caribbean’s fashion and entertainment industries, creating opportunities for countless talents and setting a high standard for entrepreneurial excellence in the region.

A CEO to Watch “Kingsley Cooper Keeping the Pulse Alive”



#2 Kingsley Cooper Executive Chairman – Pulse Investments Limited


#10 Kingsley Cooper – Pulse Investments Limited

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Business Insights

The Shift to Social-First Marketing



Social media has significantly disrupted and redefined the consumer journey, positioning itself as a primary touchpoint for influencing purchase decisions. Innovative marketers now prioritize a social-first approach, which has proven more effective than traditional media-led strategies.

A social-first strategy involves prioritizing social media channels in marketing efforts, from product discovery to post-purchase engagement. This shift has been driven by the increasing influence of social media on consumer behavior. Platforms like Instagram, TikTok, and Pinterest are not just for connecting with friends or entertainment; they have become critical for discovering new products, evaluating them through user-generated content, and ultimately making purchasing decisions.

Influencing Purchase Decisions

Social media’s role in the consumer journey is multifaceted:

Product Discovery: Social media has become the leading channel for product discovery, particularly among younger generations. HubSpot’s 2024 report indicates that social media surpasses internet searches for product discovery among Gen Z, Millennials, and Gen X. These consumers prefer finding new products through social media, making it a vital platform for brands looking to reach new audiences​.

Consumer Trust in Creators: Influencer and creator marketing has surged, with creators now being more trusted than traditional advertisements. The LTK report reveals that trust in creators has grown by over 20%, making them pivotal in guiding consumers through their purchase journeys. This trust is particularly strong among Gen Z and Millennials, who are significantly more likely to make purchases based on creator recommendations​​.

Engagement and Customer Service: Social media has also transformed how brands interact with customers. Direct messages (DMs) on platforms like Instagram and Twitter are increasingly used for customer service, with many consumers preferring this method over traditional channels. This direct engagement helps build stronger relationships and enhances customer satisfaction​.

Brands Leading the Social-First Movement

Several brands exemplify the success of a social-first approach:

Glossier: This beauty brand has built its entire marketing strategy around social media, leveraging user-generated content and influencer partnerships to create a strong community and drive sales.

Gymshark: By focusing on social media and influencer marketing, Gymshark has grown from a small startup to a major player in the fitness apparel industry. Their effective use of fitness influencers has been key to their success.

Nike: Known for its innovative marketing, Nike utilizes social media not just for promotion but also for storytelling and engaging with their audience on a deeper level. Campaigns often feature inspirational stories that resonate well with their audience.

The Future of Social-First Strategies
The trend towards social-first marketing is set to continue, with more brands recognizing the importance of social media in the consumer journey. As third-party cookies become less reliable for tracking user behavior, first-party data collected through social media interactions will become even more valuable​​. Additionally, the integration of AI tools for creating engaging content and managing customer service will further enhance the effectiveness of social-first strategies​​.

In conclusion, social media’s role in disrupting and redefining the consumer journey cannot be overstated. Brands that adopt a social-first approach are well-positioned to influence purchase decisions at every touchpoint, ultimately outperforming those that rely solely on traditional media-led strategies.

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Prime customers – Grubhub Expanding Partnership with Inc.



Grubhub, the struggling US meal-delivery business, announced May 30 it was expanding its two-year-old partnership with Inc. and giving Amazon Prime members free food delivery.

As part of the new deal, Amazon also incorporated Grubhub’s delivery service directly into its shopping app and website, and increased its financial stake in the company owned by Just Eat NV.

Grubhub Chief Executive Officer Howard Migdal told me this deepened relationship with Amazon will be a key catalyst for user growth and revenue. Prime members are a “good cohort” of customers as they tend to order more frequently than Grubhub’s average customer, he said.

So far there has been an immediate boost: Grubhub’s app downloads jumped 90% in the week of the announcement compared with the previous week, and the number of users opening the app rose more than 9% for two straight weeks, outpacing that of food and grocery peers. That’s according to Bloomberg’s analysis of data tracked by mobile research firm Apptopia.

But this could prove challenging to sustain. While the pace of overall order declines reported by parent Just Eat’s US and Canadian business has slowed in recent quarters, third-party data from market research firms SimilarWeb and YipitData show that the initial 2022 Amazon-Grubhub partnership hasn’t reversed the streak of losses in orders and users for Chicago-based Grubhub.

The company has dropped a significant amount of market share to delivery rivals DoorDash Inc. and Uber Technologies Inc. as they ramp up competition through offerings beyond just takeout meals from restaurants. Yipit’s data shows Grubhub market share fell to 6% in March from 11% in August 2022, with a loss in urban users the most pronounced.

Rivals in recent years have raced to expand the number and types of stores on their sites and improved their technology to let customers bundle multistore orders without additional cost, which Grubhub hasn’t allowed.

DoorDash and Uber, in particular, have enhanced their routing algorithms so their delivery couriers can seamlessly pick up a last-minute drugstore item, drinks from a liquor store, or condiments from the grocery store while en route to grab a restaurant order nearby. These upgrades let the companies “upsell” consumers and advertise relevant items to bundle into their order, helping expand the size of the basket and increase ad revenue from brands.

Making the Grubhub+ subscription free for the 180 million US shoppers who are part of households with a Prime membership could entice those consumers to keep their Prime accounts, which would be a boon for Amazon. But at the same time, it wipes out potential customers for Grubhub’s subscription service — and the revenue they might have generated. That makes the sale of Grubhub, which Dutch parent Just Eat has been considering since 2022, “less likely,” according to Bloomberg Intelligence analysts.

So far, a customer who tries to place a Grubhub order within Amazon won’t find it as easy as described. According to Grubhub, users can visit a dedicated website to start a Grubhub order; or they could be directed to that site through a variety of paths from Amazon.

On Amazon’s mobile app, the Grubhub button is hidden within the “Groceries” tab, below buttons for Amazon Fresh, the grocery delivery service, and Amazon’s Whole Foods. Alternatively, users can type “Grubhub” in the Amazon search bar to access the Grubhub banner. At least two more clicks are needed to launch the restaurant ordering interface in an in-app browser window, which makes the experience foreign to the Amazon app.

This makes the integration more of a bonus than a feature of convenience. Whether the deal can effectively convert new users to loyal Grubhub customers remains to be seen.

Source Natalie Lung Bloomberg



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